Compañía Chilena de Fósforos S.A. is the largest producer and trader of safety matches in the country, founded in 1913; it boasts a state of the art modern production facility, inaugurated in 2007. Surrounding the plant, Chilena de Fosforos grows and crops its own poplar plantation, in order to shorten the chain of production. The annual capacity is currently at 48 billion matches. The conglomerate under which Compañía Chilena de Fósforos S.A. lies, among other assets, control the largest poplar (Populus sp) plantations -in terms of volume and density- in South America. Its hardwood poplar plantation, located in the central part of the country, is the world's largest, privately owned single location farm for industrial wood products. Its Copihue farm in Parral consists of 4,000 hectares (10,000 acres) of standing timber.

Presently, Compañía Chilena de Fósforos S.A. and its subsidiaries export Splints (sticks impregnated with ammonium phosphate and polished for the manufacturing of matches), matches, ice cream sticks, chopsticks, paint paddles and other wooden microproducts to customers such as Wall Mart, Home Depot, Unilever and other global corporations in more than 22 countries.